Three-dimensional characters

When I think of my favorite novels, it’s the characters I remember most. Even if you have an intriguing plot, beautiful language, and witty dialogue, flat characters deal the deathblow to your novel.

So how can you create memorable, believable characters?

  • Give your characters a rich inner life with emotions, thoughts, beliefs, values, fears, and desires.
  • Your main characters should have strong points, some positive traits that we can identify with and admire.
  • The main characters should also have flaws. Like real people, characters shouldn’t be perfect. No one is all good (or all bad, for that matter). Give your characters weaknesses and fears. Flaws make characters more human and give them potential for growth.


  • Make sure your main characters have a goal or desire. Give her something she wants (e.g., solve a murder. If the character doesn’t have a goal, you have no story. As I said before, the goal should be specific and tangible. And it should be urgent – the character should want it badly, not just be mildly interested in reaching her goal.
  • The main character shouldn’t be a victim. That doesn’t mean you can’t make her suffer. In fact, go ahead and make her suffer. Readers tend to sympathize with characters who are suffering. But make sure that the main character doesn’t always meekly duck her head. Make her act instead of just reacting to whatever happens to her. Readers dislike passive characters, so give your main characters goals and make them active.
  • Give your main characters motivations we can understand. Even if readers can’t identify with their goals, we should be able to identify with the motivation, the reason why the character wants to reach that goal. For example, in Hidden Truths, one of Luke’s goals is keeping her daughters from finding out she’s a woman. That makes her a liar, and you might think readers would dislike her. But it’s just the opposite. Most of my test readers named Luke as their favorite character. It’s because they understand her motivation – protecting her family and being afraid of losing their love.
  • Most often, at least your main character should be a dynamic character. During the course of the novel, she should undergo a transformation. She learns and grows because of the events in the story and finally overcomes her fear or flaw, at least enough to deserve a happy end.
  • Maybe you could even give the character a contradiction — two conflicting needs, values, traits, or even contradicting identities. For example, Dexter is a husband, father, and crime-fighting bloodstain pattern analyst, but he’s also a serial killer. Indiana Jones is a courageous adventurer, but he’s afraid of snakes.
  • Give your main character a past that shaped her. What kind of family did she grow up in? What past relationships influenced her? What are her biggest triumphs and regrets? That doesn’t mean that you have to show every bit of backstory in your novel. For the most part, it’s enough if readers can sense it.

I’ll give more tips about these topics in the future.

Created by Krystel Contreras & Jorge Courbis